? India… ✌??

Ah! . . . . . INDIA

“India,  is the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend, and the great grand mother of tradition. Our most valuable and most artistic materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only!”  – Mark Twain

?  Jai Bharati

* India is a vast peninsula. India is a plural society. It is repository of multiplicity of cultures. Indian civilization, stretching over five thousand years, provides the most distinctive feature in the coexistence of unity in diversity.
India is said to be a synthesis of diverse social and cultural elements. A grand synthesis of cultures, religions and language of the people belonging to different castes and communities has upheld its unity and cohesiveness despite foreign invasions, the Mughal/ British rule.
Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Islam, Sikhism and Christianity are the major religions.  Besides twenty two Constitutionally recognized languages, there are several hundreds of dialects. There is diversity not only in regard to racial compositions, religious and linguistic distinctions but also in patterns of living, life styles, occupational pursuits, inheritance and succession of law and practices and rites related to birth, marriage, death etc. India presents endless varieties of physical features and cultural patterns. It is the land of many languages it is only in India people professes all the major religions of the world. The vast population is composed of people having diverse creeds, customs… .

Diversity of Physical Features:
The unique feature about India is the extreme largest mountains covered with snow throughout the year. The Himalayas or the adobe of snow is the source of the mighty rivers like Indus. Ganga and Yamuna. These perennial rivers irrigate extensive areas in the North to sustain the huge population of the country. At the same time Northern India contains and zones and the desert of Rajasthan where nothing grows accept a few shrubs.

Racial Diversity:
people with set of distinctive physical features, skin, colour, type of nose, form of hair etc.. Shows racial traits.The Indian sub-continent received a large number of migratory races mostly from the Western and the Eastern directions. Majority of the people of India are descendants of immigrants from across the Himalayas. Their dispersal into sub-continent has resulted in the consequent regional concentration of a variety of ethnic elements. India is an ethnological museum.

Linguistic Diversity:
The census of 1961 listed as many as 1,652 languages and dialects. In ancient times, it was Sanskrit, in medieval age it was Arabic or Persian and in modern times there are Hindi and English as official languages.

Religious Diversity:
India is not religiously a homogeneous State even through nearly 80 per cent of the population profess Hinduism. India is a land of multiple religions. There are followers of various faiths, Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism, Jainism Zoroastrianism; Hinduism being dominant religion of India.

 * Imagine the extent of caste diversity in India. Other settlement pattern – tribal, rural, urban; marriage and kinship patterns also do exist.


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